What Are Some Periodontal Treatment Options?
Have gum disease? Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection of the tissues and even the bone structures of the teeth. A range of treatments is used to stop or reverse periodontal disease. In the early stages of the disease, treatment usually involves non-surgical procedures; however, in more advanced stages, surgery is often required. Led by Dr. John Kelly, Bethesda Row Dental (located in Bethesda, MD) offers a variety of gum disease treatments to their patients.
Good Oral Hygiene.
The best way to treat periodontal disease is to practice good oral hygiene. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can often be reversed with regular flossing and brushing. Regular bi-annual professional dental cleanings in Bethesda are also a must. Although not a substitute for flossing and brushing, mouth rinses can reduce dental plaque up to 20 percent. Many dental professionals also recommend specialized toothbrushes, which may be a more effective method of removing plaque than standard toothbrushes.
Scaling and Root Planing.
Scaling and root planing, otherwise known as deep cleaning, is one of the most effective ways to treat periodontal disease before it becomes severe. This procedure removes dental plaque and tartar deposits on the teeth and root surfaces. Scaling and root planing reduces pocket depths and heal gum tissue. In most cases of early gum disease, deep cleaning in addition to continued daily hygiene habits at home achieves a satisfactory result of reversing periodontal disease.
Antibiotic or antimicrobial treatments can be used alone or in combination with surgery and other therapies to reduce or eliminate the bacteria associated with periodontal disease. Antibiotics are taken by mouth or placed under the gums for treatment. Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial for controlling dental plaque and gingivitis. The medication is available as a mouth rinse or as a gelatin-filled chip that is placed in the pockets and releases the medication slowly for several days.
If your gum tissue does not respond to good oral hygiene and nonsurgical treatments, your dentist may recommend surgery. For advanced gum disease, surgical treatment using local anesthesia is performed. To reduce the size of pockets, your dentist folds back the gum tissue and removes the disease-causing bacteria. The dentist then reshapes the bones and gums, adding bone grafts if necessary, before stitching the tissue back into place. The outcome of your periodontal health after surgery depends on how well you maintain your oral hygiene following the procedure.
Ready to take charge of your oral health? Call Bethesda Row Dental at 301-657-3220 right now to schedule an appointment with Dr. John Kelly in Bethesda, MD. We will help you heal your gum disease once and for all. You will experience exemplary service and state-of-the-art care at Bethesda Row Dental!